Caraway Carum Carvi is a heirloom biennial herb plant. Caraway seeds can be sown directly in spring as early as the soil can be worked or fall, and the established Caraway features foliage with the finely cut, bi or tri pinnate leaves that are about 6 to 10 inches long and hollow, furrowed, branched stems. Carum Carvi produces the small white or yellow flowers with compound umbels with rays of equal length, and the following dark brown fruit is oblong and flattened with two seeds each and five pale ridges.
Caraway is great for culinary use, and every part of the plant is edible, but the seeds are its primary harvest. The Caraway seeds are used to flavor breads, cakes, biscuits, boiled or baked onions, potato dishes, baked fruit, cream cheese, soups, and stews, or they also may be sprinkled into the pot when steaming turnips, beet roots, parsnips, carrots, cabbage, and cauliflower. The leaves are used in salads, soups, and stews and with spinach and zucchini. Carum Carvi seeds can be sown indoors earlier for transplanting out later, and the plant can be grown as a house plant indoors in a sunny place.
Height: 24 Inches
Bloom Season: Summer
Environment: Sun/Partial Shade
Soil Type: Average, Moist well-drained
USDA Zones: 3-8
Sow Indoors: Spring (6-8 weeks before last frost)
Sow Outdoors: Spring/Fall
Seed Depth: 1/4 Inch
Germination Time: 7-21 Days
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